Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Range and Watershed Management, Higher Education Complex of Shirvan, Iran


Traditional medicinal herbs are generally transmitted orally through a community, family and individuals, which is not documented. The present research was carried out with the aim of identifying the traditional application of medicinal herbs of Kurmanjis Kurdish of Bojnourd City for curing the diseases. In order to collect data on medicinal plants that was found in the wildlife ecosystems of Bojnourd; an investigation was performed. A questionnaire was administered only to people who had knowledge of medicinal herbs, through face to face interviews. After collecting the plant specimens, we displayed these specimens to the local people in their houses and farms. During the interviews, native names and utilized parts of the plants as well as information on the types of diseases treated using traditional medicinal plant species were recorded. In all, 201 medicinal plants belonging to 53 families grown in the study areas are traditionally used for the treatment of various diseases. The most common families are Asteraceae and Lamiaceae, with 25 and 24 species, respectively. Most of the parts of the plants that were collected consist of aerial parts, fruits, root, leaves, flowers and seeds orderly. The most species were reported to be used for digestive disorders, respiratory diseases and cardiovascular problems. Some of medicinal species in the wildlife ecosystems of area are endangered due to excessive use. The transfer of these plants to agricultural fields can be a great help to create employments and Protecting of these plants. The present study represents important ethnobotanical data on medical herbs which provides basic data for future pharmacological and phytochemical investigates.


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  1. References


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