Chemical composition of hydrodistillation essential oil of fruits and aerial parts of Juniperus sabina L. from Hezar-Jarib in Mazandaran province

Document Type: Short Communication

Authors

1 M.Sc. of Organic Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 Forest and Rangeland Research Center of Mazandaran, Iran.

Abstract

Juniperus sabina L. is normally low shrub with procumbent or obliquely ascending branches, or rarely a small tree to about 4 m, monoecious or dioecious. Juniperus sabina L. is a medicinal plant used in folk medicine as an abortive. Its lignanes  have antineoplastic and antiviral activity, and also essential oil of Juniperus sabina L. has shown antibacterial and antifungal activity. The aim of this research is to extract and measure the chemical compounds of essential oils  of fruits and aerial parts of the plant Juniperus sabina L. which are collected from the  North Highlands located in the Mazandaran province. In this study, the components of Juniperus sabina L. (fruits and aerial parts),  after extraction essential oils by Clevenger apparatus, their compounds were analysed and identified by GC/MS. Essential oils from fruits of the Juniperus sabina L., were shown 27 compounds that the Sabinene in 50.31% maximum, and α-Thujene with 0.32% were the lowest amounts in the oils. While the essential oils from aerial parts of Juniperus sabina L. 40 compounds were identified, that Sabinene by 36.59% was the highest amount and α-Thujene by 0.11%  has at the lowest percentage.

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